South Sea Cultured Pearl
Scientific name Pinctada maxima, silver-lipped oysters or gold-lipped oysters produce the coveted South Sea pearls. The names of each oyster are derived from the color of the shell's interior outer edge. Found along the coast of Australia, Indonesia, and Philippines these beautiful South Sea Pearls are among the most desired out of all pearl jewelry.
Australia began commercial pearl culturing in the mid-1950s, and currently supply about 60% of the world's supply of South Sea pearls. Indonesia focuses primarily on the gold-lipped oyster, and produce more cream and yellow pearls than Australia. Generally, South Sea pearls are the largest cultured pearls on the market.
South Sea Pearl Size
South Sea Pearl Shape
South Sea Pearl Body Color
South Sea Pearl Farm Map
Philippine pearl farms are located on remote islands away from population centers.
With 17,508 islands and a native p. maxima population, the Indonesian archipelago is ideal for South Sea pearl farming.
Although pearl farms are located along the entire northern coast of Australia, the great majority of wild p, maxima oysters come from the waters of Eighty Mile Beach in Western Australia.